Privatization in Education

Essay on Privatization in Education

The word education means- a process of teaching, training, and learning especially in schools or colleges to improve knowledge and develop skills. It is the key to success. Education is very essential for the personality development of an individual.

Generally, it is the responsibility of the state to provide education to its people but, in our country, more children go to school and colleges run by private sectors. and Private education has been a fashion of many people in Nepal.

Today education has been a commodity of business for some well-off people in Nepal. There are two types of academic institutions. They are government-aided or public and private. Private schools and colleges are also of different types. They are further divided into personal and institutional. Many personal private schools and colleges are established.

They are only for profit-making. Public or government institutions are established to provide education to the people but they have been the places that guaranteed time-pass for many persons. They have been playgrounds of political parties.

Only very few laborious, expert, and truthful teachers can be found in such schools. Therefore, the quality of such schools has been decreeing year by year. On the other side, most people want to send their children to private schools and colleges. It is because the result of such institutions is good. It is because they choose only talented and bright students through the entrance.

They do not allow admitting poor and dull students into their institutions. Though the marks or positions in private institutions are high, there is a vast investment. Almost the income of parents has been lost for education but the children are not so capable of any competition.

Most of the children with high scores are unemployed because of a lack of practical and technical knowledge and skills. Only a few of the products can compete with the students of other countries. Though there are many disadvantages of privatization in education, there are many advantages also. It is said that private institutions are providing quality education.

Most of the students of private schools and colleges pass their exams with high marks. They have stopped many children and large money from going to foreign countries. The literacy of Nepal has been increasing rapidly. It has been providing employment for many people.

In spite of these advantages, there are serious disadvantages of privatization in education. Profit-making schools and colleges are very expensive. Poor people cannot send their children to private schools, colleges, and universities. As a result, there is inequality in education.

The teachers and non-teaching employees in some private schools and colleges are poorly paid. Even very small children are badly punished for high marks. In some private schools in the name of maintaining quality education and discipline children are deprived of their rights.

Only paper marks and high scores are not a good result of education. Education should change behavior of the learners, enable them to compete, and learn skills needed for income or job.

Although there are some weaknesses of privatization education, the contributions of private academic institutions are praiseworthy but education should be free and useful. First priority or responsibility of education should be taken by the government. It should not be made a business.

Privatization in Education in Nepali

शिक्षामा निजीकरणमा निबन्ध

शिक्षा शब्दको अर्थ हुन्छ- विशेष गरी विद्यालय वा कलेजहरूमा ज्ञान बढाउन र सीपहरू विकास गर्न सिकाउने, तालिम र सिकाउने प्रक्रिया। यो सफलताको कुञ्जी हो। व्यक्तिको व्यक्तित्व विकासका लागि शिक्षा अति आवश्यक छ।

सामान्यतया, आफ्ना जनतालाई शिक्षा प्रदान गर्नु राज्यको दायित्व हो तर हाम्रो देशमा धेरै बालबालिका निजी क्षेत्रद्वारा सञ्चालित विद्यालय र कलेजहरूमा जान्छन्। र निजी शिक्षा नेपालका धेरै मानिसहरूको फेसन भएको छ।

आज नेपालका केही धनी मानिसहरूका लागि शिक्षा व्यापारको वस्तु भएको छ। त्यहाँ दुई प्रकारका शैक्षिक संस्थाहरू छन्। तिनीहरू सरकारी सहायता वा सार्वजनिक र निजी हुन्। निजी विद्यालय र कलेजहरू पनि विभिन्न प्रकारका छन्। तिनीहरू व्यक्तिगत र संस्थागत रूपमा विभाजित छन्। धेरै निजी विद्यालय र कलेजहरू स्थापना भएका छन्।

तिनीहरू नाफा कमाउनका लागि मात्र हुन्। सार्वजनिक वा सरकारी संस्थाहरू मानिसहरूलाई शिक्षा प्रदान गर्न स्थापना गरिएका छन् तर तिनीहरू धेरै व्यक्तिहरूको लागि समय-पासको ग्यारेन्टी गर्ने ठाउँहरू भएका छन्। उनीहरु राजनीतिक दलको खेल मैदान बनेका छन् ।

यस्ता विद्यालयमा मेहनती, विज्ञ र सच्चा शिक्षक थोरै मात्र भेटिन्छन् । त्यसैले यस्ता विद्यालयहरूको गुणस्तर वर्षैपिच्छे घट्दै गएको छ। अर्कोतर्फ, अधिकांश मानिसहरू आफ्ना छोराछोरीलाई निजी विद्यालय र कलेजहरूमा पठाउन चाहन्छन्। किनभने यस्ता संस्थाको नतिजा राम्रो हुन्छ । यो किनभने तिनीहरूले प्रवेशद्वार मार्फत प्रतिभाशाली र प्रतिभाशाली विद्यार्थीहरू मात्र छनौट गर्छन्।

उनीहरूले गरिब र सुस्त विद्यार्थीहरूलाई आफ्नो संस्थामा भर्ना गर्न दिँदैनन्। निजी संस्थामा अंक वा पद उच्च भए पनि ठूलो लगानी छ । शिक्षाका लागि अभिभावकको आम्दानी झण्डै गुमेको छ तर छोराछोरी कुनै पनि प्रतिस्पर्धा गर्न सक्षम छैनन् ।

उच्च अंक ल्याउने अधिकांश बालबालिका व्यावहारिक र प्राविधिक ज्ञान र सीपको अभावका कारण बेरोजगार छन् । केवल केहि उत्पादनहरूले अन्य देशका विद्यार्थीहरूसँग प्रतिस्पर्धा गर्न सक्छन्। शिक्षामा निजीकरणका धेरै बेफाइदा भए पनि फाइदा पनि धेरै छन् । निजी संस्थाले गुणस्तरीय शिक्षा दिने गरेको बताइन्छ ।

निजी विद्यालय र कलेजका अधिकांश विद्यार्थीले उच्च अंक लिएर परीक्षा उत्तीर्ण गर्छन् । उनीहरूले धेरै बालबालिका र ठूलो रकम विदेश जानबाट रोकेका छन् । नेपालको साक्षरता तीव्र गतिमा बढिरहेको छ । यसले धेरैलाई रोजगारी दिएको छ ।

यी फाइदाहरूका बाबजुद पनि शिक्षामा निजीकरणका गम्भीर बेफाइदाहरू छन्। नाफा कमाउने स्कूल र कलेजहरू धेरै महँगो छन्। गरिबले आफ्ना छोराछोरीलाई निजी विद्यालय, कलेज र विश्वविद्यालयमा पठाउन सक्दैनन् । फलस्वरूप, शिक्षामा असमानता छ।

कतिपय निजी विद्यालय तथा कलेजका शिक्षक तथा गैरशिक्षक कर्मचारीको तलब न्युन छ । धेरै साना बच्चाहरूलाई पनि उच्च अंकको लागि नराम्रो सजाय दिइन्छ। कतिपय निजी विद्यालयमा गुणस्तरीय शिक्षा र अनुशासन कायम गर्ने नाममा बालबालिकालाई अधिकारबाट वञ्चित गरिएको छ ।

कागजी अंक र उच्च अंक मात्र शिक्षाको राम्रो नतिजा होइन। शिक्षाले विद्यार्थीहरूको व्यवहार परिवर्तन गर्नुपर्छ, उनीहरूलाई प्रतिस्पर्धा गर्न सक्षम बनाउनु पर्छ र आय वा जागिरको लागि आवश्यक सीपहरू सिक्नुपर्छ।

निजीकरण शिक्षाका केही कमजोरी भए पनि निजी शैक्षिक संस्थाको योगदान प्रशंसनीय छ तर शिक्षा निःशुल्क र उपयोगी हुनुपर्छ । शिक्षाको पहिलो प्राथमिकता वा जिम्मेवारी सरकारले लिनुपर्छ । यसलाई व्यवसाय बनाउनु हुँदैन ।

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